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FACTS ABOUT UGANDA

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the southwest by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. Uganda is the world's second most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.

According to the population statistic of 2013, Uganda had a population of 36,824,000 people, which shows an increase of 478,140 people compared to 2012.  The male population was greater, with 18,839,771 men, representing 51.16% of the total, compared to 18,739,105 or 50.88% women. 

Although Uganda has abundant natural resources, and the economy steadily growing, Uganda is still one of the poorest nations in the world, with 37.7% of the population living on less than $1.25 a day. Despite making enormous progress in reducing the countrywide poverty incidence from 56% of the population in 1992 to 31% in 2005, poverty remains deep-rooted in the country's rural areas, which are home to more than 85 per cent of Ugandans.


Majority of the Ugandan population depend on agriculture which is done on low scale. Subsistence farming is the main type of farming which is practiced through out the country. 

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories. In the early 1990s, 13% of Ugandan residents had HIV; this had fallen to 4.1% by the end of 2003, the most effective national response to AIDS of any African country.However, there has been a spike in recent years compared to the mid-nineties, especially after a shift in US Aid Policy toward abstinence only campaigns. A growing number of people—including young orphans still face the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS. 


In the past, Uganda had experienced  a lot of civil wars, conflicts and instabilities, especially in the Northern parts of Uganda, which hampered development. The recent war was the one of the Lords Resistance Army (LRA), led by Joseph Kony, who brutally massacred more than 65,000, and an estimated 400,000 people where put in Internally displaced Camps in Northern Uganda. These conflicts played a vital role in making the country remain behind  both socially and economically.

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The Republic of Uganda .