UGANDA

Although Uganda has abundant natural resources, and the economy steadily growing, Uganda is still one of the poorest nations in the world, with 37.7% of the population living on less than a $1.25 a day. Despite making enormous progress in reducing the countrywide poverty incidence from 56% of the population in 1992 to 31% in 2005, poverty remains deep-rooted in the country's rural areas, which are home to more than 85 per cent of Ugandans.

Majority of the Ugandan population depend on agriculture which is done on low scale. Subsistence farming is the main type of farming which is practiced through out the country. 

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories. In the early 1990s, 13% of Ugandan residents had HIV; this had fallen to 4.1% by the end of 2003, the most effective national response to AIDS of any African country.However, there has been a spike in recent years compared to the mid-nineties, especially after a shift in US Aid Policy toward abstinence only campaigns. A growing number of people—including young orphans still face the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS. 
In the past, Uganda had experienced  a lot of civil wars, conflicts and instabilities, especially in the Northern parts of Uganda, which hampered development. The recent war was the one of the Lords Resistance Army (LRA), led by Joseph Kony, who brutally massacred more than 65,000, and an estimated 400,000 people where put in Internally displaced Camps in Northern Uganda. These conflicts played a vital role in making the country remain behind  both socially and economically.


Location

People

According to the population statistics of 2018, Uganda has a population of 44,886,000 people.  The male population represents 50% of the population (and so are the females).   
Ugandans are the most friendly people in the world and the most entrepreneurial ones too. Hence the unemployment rate is only 2%.


The median age of Ugandans is 16yrs and a life expectancy of 58yrs. The literacy rate is 74% and English is widely spoken all over, as well as over 40 local indigenous languages. 


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Social challenges

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa and on the Equator, meaning a tropical climate all year round. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the southwest by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. Uganda is the world's second most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.


The size of Uganda is 241,040 km2 (93,066 mi2) and is blessed with 5 national parks which house all the big 5 animals, gorillars and thousands of birds species 

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